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According to Science – Science in Islam

by | Dec 6, 2020

According to Science

Science: The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.

In English please!

It means studying live beings and inert matter through observation and experimentation. 

A little simpler please…

It is finding the link between the cause and effect between phenomenon.

Euhhh…

It’s the what and the how things work!!!

Got it!

Anyways, it is all about seeking knowledge through research and interpretation. This is something essential to us humans and is pretty much exclusive to us (as far as we know and Allah knows best). If we would not act in such a way, we would still be tilling the land with pickaxes, living in huts and chewing on cow hide to make rope.

Science is ever-changing, new information, experiments, views and interpretation make a lot of things plausible; but few things for sure. That is actually the beauty of science, it is not exact; yet it strives for exactitude.

For instance, the atomic theory (I underline the word theory). Even though we have a pretty good idea how the atom works, it is still called a theory. Within a few hundred years, the atomic model underwent changes that were based on experiment and calculations, not philosophy and statistical evidence.

Where I am going with this is how did a theory become law; when did the theory of evolution turn into Evolution. It became an immutable law in biology; the most unpredictable field of science as we speak, so imagine when you try to apply it over millions of years. It is all a question of interpretation, where empirical data and chronology don’t cut it. 

In general, science does well on the what and the how, but not so well on the why, which is totally normal, finding the source, the essence of a phenomenon is practically impossible without insinuation or belief. One must remember that science covers the tangible aspects of life. Therefore, a lot of present-day scientists have a hard time to understand the non-material assertions of religion.

I understand an atheist being a proponent of “Evolution” (even with all its holes and faults) since he wants to “prove the inexistence” of the Creator; but when it comes to Muslims who believe in the theory of “Evolution”, I mean Come on!

Putting assumption in front of revelation is not the way to go. A Muslim’s mindset should be to accept the word of Allah for what it is: the Truth. This doesn’t mean not to search for comprehension behind His wisdom, just that it is counterproductive to inverse this mindset. It is like putting the chariot in front of the horses.

For argument’s sake, even if “Evolution” was a logical theory (which it is not) and you couldn’t find a satisfactory explanation to the word of Allah (which is our flaw as a human), you should not believe in the former rather than the latter: this is putting one’s ego before the wisdom of Allah and going against His word. And that is way worse than putting a chariot in front of the horses. Just as a side note, if someone wants to understand more about the follies and shortcomings of “Evolution” and the mindset that a believer should adopt, I suggest listening to Dr. Eyad Qunaibi on the subject. He explains in great detail, through scientific research, the Quran, and Hadith how theories like “Evolution” don’t make sense. Check out his playlist of Rehlat Al-Yaqueen (The Journey of Certainty). It is in Arabic but you could find it subtitled in English.

The Golden Age of Scientific Discoveries

Science vs Islam in University, My Experience

Is there Anything Bad in the Quran? – Existential Questions

Is there Anything Bad in the Quran? – Existential Questions

When I mean bad, I mean something that everyone will agree to as fundamentally wrong. I don’t mean what is acceptable to modern standards, but fundamentally evil. Not only there is no evil within what is ordained, but it can only be depicted as righteous and good when looked at as a whole. Here are some Islamic principles that are listed in the Quran:

Say, “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them. And do not approach immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason.”

And do not approach the orphan’s property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not charge any soul except [with that within] its capacity. And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative. And the covenant of Allah fulfill. This has He instructed you that you may remember.

And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous.

Surah Al-Anam (6 – 151-153)

Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.

Surah An-Nahl (16 – 90)

And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.

And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.”

Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving.

And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully.

Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful.

And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word.

And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent.

Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.

And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.

And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way.

And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly – We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law].

And do not approach the property of an orphan, except in the way that is best, until he reaches maturity. And fulfill [every] commitment. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned.

And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with an even balance. That is the best [way] and best in result.

And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned.

And do not walk upon the earth exultantly. Indeed, you will never tear the earth [apart], and you will never reach the mountains in height.

All that – its evil is ever, in the sight of your Lord, detested.

That is from what your Lord has revealed to you, [O Muhammad], of wisdom. And, [O mankind], do not make [as equal] with Allah another deity, lest you be thrown into Hell, blamed and banished.

Surah Al-Isra (17 – 23-39)

Most of the accusations come from people who do not agree with the standard of morality or virtue that is ordained in Islam. For instance, the Hijab for women; not being allowed to have a sip of wine or not even having a girlfriend… These practices have become customary in “modern” civilizations, yet they are considered illicit in Islam. Society is always faced with dumbing down standards and laws to curtail the desires of the majority. But the fundamental question remains; what makes it right now but made it wrong before (and vice versa)? This type of thinking induces decadence. Virtues and morals become trivial, unattainable utopias, unrealistic… mockeries.

This was the same discourse used by the people of Lot thousands of years ago when they wanted him and his family out of their city.

But the answer of his people was only that they said, “Evict them from your city! Indeed, they are men who keep themselves pure.”

Surah Al-Aaraf (7 – 82)

Wow! Accused of being too pure… It’s like someone who says: “Ah! He gets on my nerves because he is too polite.” or: “look at her; she thinks she is so superior! She doesn’t even want to dress like us.” and the classic: “Look at that geek; he thinks that his A+ is going to stop him from that face pounding.” What is it that makes that person’s conduct wrong in the first place; what did he do to deserve this reprimand? Is it high self-esteem (or lack of it)? Is it because a person is different (where his difference is not accepted)? Is it because of jealousy (or more likely envy)?

It is sad to see that we have reached a point where righteous conduct is ridiculed and marginalized. Someone who gives his seat on the bus is looked at awkwardly; a student who says Mam and Sir is called a suck-up; a 16-year-old virgin is made fun of. But, as we have seen, this attitude has been present for millennia, all depending on the context and stage in which a society is to be found.

But in the end…

And it will be said to those who feared Allah, “What did your Lord send down?” They will say, “[That which is] good.” For those who do good in this world is good; and the home of the Hereafter is better. And how excellent is the home of the righteous –

Surah An-Nahl (16 – 30)

Faith

the process of belief